"Ostberlin. 'Junge Pioniere' marschieren"
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Picture 22: A parade in East-Berlin, 1961. The little musicians in this parade are „Young Pioneers“, but apart from the neckerchief they are not wearing the typical „uniform“ of the organization. This would have been a white shirt and blue trousers. The shirts in the pictures look like the blue shirts of the youth organization FDJ (Free German Youth) for children over 14, slightly modified. Nearly all clubs and organized leisure activities for children were offered through the „Pioniere“ or „FDJ“, which meant that taking part in them implied commitment to the political regime. March music played a predominant role in education; marching songs were sung regularly at school, and the magazine for the „Pioneers“ was given the name „The Drum“ in 1958.